Half Plow Pose (Ardha Halasana): Steps, Benefits, and Contraindications

Half Plow Pose (Ardha Halasana) - SharpMuscle
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Half Plow Pose, also known as Ardha Halasana, strengthens the abdominal muscles, including the rectus abdominis and the obliques, while stretching the spine, promoting spinal flexibility and alignment.


Known as:Half Plow Pose, Ardha Halasana, Half Plough Pose, Upward Stretched Legs Pose
Sanskrit name:अर्ध हलासन
IAST:Ārdha Halāsana
Pronunciation:Ard-ha Ha-la-sa-na
Level:Beginner to intermediat
Focus:Abdominal, core, leg muscles
Total time:30 to 150 seconds
Drishti:The toes or the extended leg
Chakra:Manipura (Solar Plexus) Chakra
Indications:Core, rectus abdominis, obliques, transverse abdominis, quadriceps, hamstrings, spine, abdominal organs, digestive system, digestive issues, fatigue, relaxation, stress, anxiety, energy
Counterposes:Child’s Pose (Balasana), Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana), Corpse Pose (Shavasana)
Preparatory poses:Supine Wind-Relieving Pose (Pavanamuktasana), Supine Knee-to-Chest Pose (Apanasana), Supine Hand-to-Big-Toe Pose (Supta Padangusthasana), Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana), Reclining Bound Angle Pose (Supta Baddha Konasana)
Follow-up poses:Fish Pose (Matsyasana), Reclining Hand-to-Big-Toe Pose (Supta Padangusthasana), Legs-Up-the-Wall Pose (Viparita Karani), Corpse Pose (Shavasana)
Contraindications:Injuries in the legs, knees, hips, lower back, or neck, Stomach surgery, Pregnant women


The “Ardha Halasana” is a Sanskrit term that comes from the three Sanskrit words — Ardha + Hala + Asana:

  1. Ardha” = “half”
  2. Hala” = “plow” or “plough”
  3. Asana” = “pose” or “posture”

So, the literal meaning of Ardha Halasana is “Half Plow Pose” or “Plough Pose.” In this pose, the body is positioned in a way that resembles the shape of a plow, hence the name.

Benefits of Half Plow Pose (Ardha Halasana)

Ardha Halasana (Half Plow Pose) offers various physical and mental benefits, which are listed below:

Physical Benefits:

  • Strengthens the abdominal muscles, including the rectus abdominis and the obliques
  • Improve the core strength and stability
  • Tone and strengthen the legs, especially quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles
  • Promotes flexibility in the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles
  • Stretch the spine, promote spinal flexibility and alignment
  • Stimulates the abdominal organs, including the digestive system
  • Improve digestion
  • Relieve digestive issues
  • Enhance blood flow to the upper body and head
  • Improving circulation and potentially reducing fatigue

Mental and Emotional Benefits:

  • Promote relaxation
  • Reduces stress and anxiety
  • Cultivates a deeper mind-body connection
  • Clear the mind
  • Enhance concentration
  • Improve mental focus
  • Enhances the personal power, self-confidence, and willpower
  • Helps to balance and activate energy center
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Half Plow Pose (Ardha Halasana) Practice Guide

Half Plow Pose involves lifting and extending the legs while lying on your back. In this asana, one leg is lifted perpendicular to the ground while the other leg remains on the floor. The lifted leg is kept straight, and the foot points towards the ceiling.

In Half Plough Pose, you engage your core muscles to support the lifted leg and maintain balance. The pose provides a stretch to the leg muscles, particularly the hamstrings and calf muscles, and engages the abdominal muscles for stability. It also offers a gentle stretch to the spine and can help improve spinal flexibility and alignment.

Ardha Halasana is often practiced as a preparatory pose or as a variation of the full Plow Pose (Halasana). It provides many of the benefits of the full pose while being accessible to a wider range of individuals, especially those who may have limited flexibility or strength.

Step-by-step Instructions

  1. Assume the Shavasana position by lying down on your back.
  2. Bring your legs together and rest your hands on your thighs.
  3. Inhale gently and lift your legs straight up, forming a 90-degree angle with the ground.
  4. Hold your breath and maintain this position for as long as you comfortably can.
  5. Exhale and lower your legs back down.
  6. Return to a relaxed, neutral position and take a moment to unwind.
  7. Repeat this sequence 3 to 5 times.

Common Mistakes

Avoiding of the common mistakes and making the necessary adjustments, you can enhance the effectiveness of Ardha Halasana and reduce the risk of injury, allow you for a more fulfilling asana experience. However, the common mistakes of this yoga asana are explained below:

1. Straining the neck

One common mistake is straining the neck by lifting the head too much or looking forward. This can happen when individuals try to lift their legs higher and lose proper alignment. Straining the neck can lead to discomfort, tension, and potential strain in the cervical spine.

To avoid this mistake, keep the neck relaxed and in a neutral position. The gaze should be directed towards the toes or the extended leg, rather than looking forward or upward.

2. Using momentum instead of controlled movements

Some practitioners may use momentum to lift their legs rather than relying on controlled movements and engaging the core muscles. This can compromise the effectiveness of the asana and increase the risk of strain or injury.

It’s essential to engage the abdominal muscles and lift the legs in a slow and controlled manner. This allows for greater awareness, stability, and engagement of the targeted muscle groups.

3. Holding the breath or shallow breathing

Holding the breath or shallow breathing during Ardha Plow Pose is a common mistake that can hinder the flow of energy and limit the benefits of the asana.

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To maximize the benefits, it is crucial to maintain a steady and relaxed breath throughout the practice. Breathe deeply and consciously, allowing the breath to flow smoothly in and out of the body.

4. Straining the lower back

Another mistake is allowing the lower back to lift off the ground or arch excessively. This can happen if the abdominal muscles are not engaged enough or if the legs are lifted beyond the individual’s current level of flexibility.

To prevent straining the lower back, focus on keeping the lower back firmly grounded on the mat and engage the core muscles to support the spine. It’s better to lift the legs to a height where you can maintain proper alignment rather than pushing beyond your limit.

5. Overexertion and pushing too hard

Pushing too hard or attempting to achieve a full expression of the asana without proper preparation can lead to strain or injury. It’s important to respect your body’s limits and practice with mindfulness and patience.

Start with gentle movements and gradually build up to the full expression of Ardha Halasana. Listen to your body and make modifications as needed to ensure a safe and comfortable practice.

Modifications and Variations

Modifications and variations in Ardha Halasana can be helpful to accommodate different levels of flexibility, strength, and individual needs. The common modifications and variations, along with their explanations are given below:

1. Knee Bent Variation

If straightening the legs fully in Half Plow Pose is challenging, a modification is to keep the knees slightly bent. This reduces strain on the hamstrings and allows for a more accessible asana, especially for beginners or those with limited flexibility. It also helps to focus on engaging the core muscles and maintaining stability.

To practice the knee bent variation, follow the same steps as in Ardha Halasana but keep a slight bend in the knees as you lift the legs perpendicular to the ground.

2. Support under the hips

Placing a folded blanket or bolster under the hips provides support and elevation, making Half Plough Pose more accessible for individuals with tight hamstrings or lower back sensitivity. The added height can reduce strain on the lower back and allow for a more comfortable practice.

To use a prop for support, place it under the hips before lifting the legs, ensuring it is secure and provides the desired elevation.

3. Leg Lowering Variation

In this variation, instead of lifting the legs perpendicular to the ground, you can start with the legs lifted at a smaller angle (e.g., 45 degrees) and gradually progress to higher angles as flexibility and strength improve. This modification reduces strain on the lower back and helps develop the necessary strength in the core and hip flexors.

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Start by lifting the legs to a comfortable angle and hold the position, gradually increasing the angle over time as your practice progresses.

4. One Leg at a Time Variation

If lifting both legs simultaneously is challenging, a modification is to lift one leg at a time. This variation helps to build strength and stability gradually, focusing on proper alignment and engagement of the core and leg muscles.

Begin by lifting one leg while keeping the other leg grounded. Hold the position for the desired duration, then lower that leg and repeat with the other leg.

5. Supported Ardha Halasana

Using a wall or a sturdy piece of furniture for support can provide stability and reassurance for beginners or those working on building strength. It allows individuals to focus on alignment, engagement, and balance without the fear of tipping over.

Stand close to a wall or place a sturdy support next to you. Perform Ardha Halasana while lightly pressing your feet or legs against the wall or using the support for balance.

Precautions and Contraindications

Precautions and contraindications are crucial to consider before practicing Ardha Halasana. They help ensure the safety and well-being of individuals, taking into account specific conditions or limitations. However, the precautions and contraindications of this yoga asana are explained below:

1. Injuries in the legs, knees, hips, lower back, or neck

Individuals with existing injuries in these areas should approach Half Plough Pose with caution. The asana involves leg lifting and spinal alignment, which can strain injured areas and potentially worsen the condition.

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional or a qualified yoga instructor/teacher to determine if modifications or alternative asanas are necessary. They can provide guidance on adapting the practice to suit the individual’s specific needs and prevent further injury.

2. Stomach surgery

Individuals who have undergone recent stomach surgery, such as abdominal surgery or gastrointestinal surgery, should avoid or modify Ardha Halasana. The pose engages the abdominal muscles and can put strain on the surgical site, potentially hindering the healing process.

It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional to assess the post-surgery condition and receive guidance on safe yoga asana practices that support the healing process without causing any harm.

3. Lack of body-breath connection

Half Plow Pose requires a connection between the body and breath, with a focus on maintaining steady and conscious breathing throughout the asana. Practicing the asana without this connection may result in a loss of awareness and control, increasing the risk of injury.

To develop the body-breath connection, it is beneficial to practice mindfulness and pranayama (breathing exercises) before attempting Ardha Halasana. This helps cultivate awareness and synchronization between breath and movement.

4. Physical weakness and weak body

Individuals with overall physical weakness or a weak body may find Half Plough Pose challenging or strenuous. The asana requires sufficient core strength, leg strength, and flexibility to maintain stability and proper alignment.

It is advisable to gradually build strength and flexibility through preparatory poses and modifications before attempting the full expression of Half Plow Pose. This allows the body to adapt and develop the necessary strength over time.

5. Pregnant women

Pregnant women should avoid Ardha Halasana, especially as the pregnancy progresses. The asana involves lying on the back with the legs raised, which can put pressure on the abdomen and potentially restrict blood flow to the uterus.

It is recommended for pregnant women to consult with their healthcare provider or a prenatal yoga instructor/teacher for suitable prenatal yoga practices that support the changing needs of the body during pregnancy.

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